NAFA Administrator posted an articleDifficulties Financing an Aircraft for Leaseback see more
NAFA member, Adam Meredith, President of AOPA Aviation Finance Company, discusses the challenges of financing aircraft leased back to a flight school or flying club due to higher-than-normal aircraft usage.
The usage equates to two things: number of hours flown annually and the type of hours flown. Aircraft leased back to flying clubs will typically accrue fewer hours than those leased to a flight school. Additionally, flight training hours will be harder on an aircraft’s engine and airframe because students and inexperienced pilots are harder on equipment than experienced pilots.
The flying club may go so far as to stipulate that members can’t join without a certain level of experience. A privately-owned airplane is flying a lot at 100 hours per year. An airplane on leaseback to a flying club could fly 200-300 hours per year. A popular flight school might see double that. More hours on the engine mean more hours on the airframe, lowering the airplane’s value. When it comes to the engine, that accelerated use could force an overhaul before typically anticipated in an amortization schedule, significantly eroding an airplane’s market value. This is what makes lenders nervous.
For example, let’s take a 1980 Cessna 182 worth $100K with a mid-time engine and decent avionics and interior. The prospective buyer wants to lease back to a flying club. Let’s say the lender values the same aircraft at TBO at $85K but also expects you to reach TBO in a certain number of years under normal usage. For a leaseback to a flying club, the lender might typically expect to see 150-250 hours a year. A lender can tolerate 300 hours or maybe even 350 hours, but higher than that and depreciation accelerates. Additionally, instead of an overhaul in five to seven years, you’ll need one in two or three.
For these reasons, lenders have a minimum loan of $100K and require a 30% down payment to finance a plane destined for flight school or flying club leaseback. So $30K down and then a $30K overhaul in two-three years means an owner essentially has put $60K cash into a plane that’s worth $105K with the overhauled engine.
Some aircraft are more likely leaseback candidates than others. A $400K or $500K SR22 is a good example. This could be ideal for a flying club or for a flight school that also rents aircraft. It’s also worth noting there are some options for leaseback to flying clubs with only 25% down and a $25K minimum loan amount, but the aircraft must be owned personally, not in an LLC. Give AOPA Aviation Finance a call if this is a situation you’d like to explore. Depending upon the current residual value in your aircraft, there might be room for a deal.
This article was originally published by AOPA Finance on July 9, 2020.
NAFA Administrator posted an articleDo Most Lenders Offer 100% Financing? see more
NAFA member, Adam Meredith, President of AOPA Aviation Finance Company, answers aircraft financing questions.
Question: I’m working with a broker who indicates he has lenders who will do 100% financing as long as the purchase price leaves at least 15% equity in the purchase. From looking at some of his planes he is selling with 0 down, it looks like he isn’t fibbing. Rates are fixed and vary from 4.2-4.9% (presumably based on credit score) and they are 20-year term loans with no penalties.
Is this something that can be done by most lenders or is this specific to whatever lenders he may be working with?
Answer: The short answer is no, most lenders won’t finance more than 85% of the purchase price.
Here’s the logic behind that decision. If you were to negotiate the purchase price down from $100k to $85k it really wasn’t worth $100k. That’s not to say you couldn’t turn around and potentially find a buyer for $100k, you might, especially if you were willing to spend money for marketing and were willing to wait it out for the right buyer to come along. The banks, however, know that if they had to sell the asset, they’re going to look to get out of it as expeditiously as possible and turn it into cash so they can then turn around and lend it back out. That’s why they typically require 15% down on the lesser of the purchase amount or the aircraft value amount.
More than likely in the scenario you’re discussing (where you have only slightly higher than market rates and 0% down), the broker has an agreement with their lender(s) whereby they will cover any shortfall resulting from a buyer default. This is typically done by an agreement to buy the airplane back at an agreed upon amount.
The potential bigger problem though with regard to 0% down financing is if there’s a macro event that causes the market to drop 10-20%, when you go to sell the airplane you’re likely going to be upside down in value. Which means you’ll either have to come out of pocket to sell or else keep the airplane until the situation gets better.
My advice would be to put at least 15% down to give yourself a hedge regardless of what you negotiate in purchase amount.
Is it possible to prepay my aircraft loan? Adam answers. see more
NAFA member, Adam Meredith, President of AOPA Aviation Finance Company, answers questions about prepaying your aircraft loan.
Question: I have been looking at several Bonanzas, but every time I start negotiations with the seller, they opt for cash buyers. Is there something I can do to get the financing in place before I negotiate the sale?
Answer: If you have an age range and purchase price in mind, it would be recommended to get pre-approved. The pre-approval will take care of the credit underwriting so that when you find an aircraft you can confidently make an offer. Closing can be completed within a few days upon signing a purchase agreement if a pre-approval is already in place. Approvals are typically valid for 90 days with the rates locked for the first 30 days.
If you are ready to get pre-approved, please call us at 800.627.5263 and we can send you an online application to get started.
Question: Is it possible to prepay my loan?
Answer: Some lenders do have pre-payment penalties but still allow additional principal payments to be made. Typically, the pre-payment penalty is only for the first 24 months of the loan and runs about 1-1.25% of the original loan balance. Additional principal payments can be made during the time that the pre-payment penalty is in place as long as the payments are within the specific lenders’ guidelines.
Don’t feel shy about having aircraft financing questions. It is a complicated process, and asking questions is the first step towards understanding it better. Call us if you ever have questions about the financing process, 800.627.5263.
Have questions for Adam? He is happy to answer them. Submit your questions here. Great rates. Great terms. Helpful and responsive reps. Three good reasons to turn to AOPA Aviation Finance when you are buying an airplane. If you need a dependable source of financing with people who are on your side, just call 800.62.PLANE (75263) or click here to request a quote.
This article was originally published in AOPA Finance's August edition of "Adam Answers" on August 22, 2018.
It's common for people to misunderstand the differences between co-ownership vs fractional ownership see more
NAFA member, Adam Meredith with AOPA Aviation Finance shares the differences between co-ownership and fractional ownership.
Co-ownership is frequently what people mean when asking about fractional ownership. If you are looking to purchase an aircraft with multiple partners, this is more commonly regarded as a partnership loan. The good news here is that there’s a lot more financing options. Lenders are comfortable financing partnerships with up to four members using standard loan structures amortized up to 20 years. Beyond four members, lenders will typically only find comfort if the partnership is operating as a flying club. We have plenty of flying club options as well, however, those typically require a larger down payment and a shorter amortization.
Fractional ownership, where there’s a fractional management provider like NetJets or Planesense and the company flies and maintains your “share” of the aircraft, have very limited financing options. The reason for this is that lenders are rarely able to fully secure their collateral interest in these loans. Also, making things challenging is they must assess both your personal financial situation as well as the financial health of the fractional operator.
For the strongest fractional providers there are some options, however, financing is limited and you can expect terms of no more than five years. As an aside, if you anticipate flying more than 25 hours annually, fractional ownership can be a very cost-effective way to gain access to larger aircraft…just don’t expect to be able to fly the plane!
This article was originally published by AOPA Aviation Finance Company on September 6, 2018.
Have specific aviation finance questions, ask Adam! see more
NAFA member, Adam Meredith, president of AOPA Aviation Finance Company, is an aircraft finance professional with more than 15 years lending, small business management and customer service experience. Adam is a commercial pilot with multi-engine and instrument ratings. Ask Adam!
KARL: I have a loan with Bank of America at over 6%. This originated in 2008. Is the interest rate better now & what are my chances of getting a lower rate & would it be feasible (worthwhile)? It is a 20 year loan.
ADAM: Rates are going to be dependent on the loan amount and term of the refinance you are considering. We have a number of options that could potentially lower your rate below 6% and keeping it financed over 15-20 years. For example, a loan balance between $50,000 and $75,000, typical structures are 5.5% amortized over 15 years. If your current balance is over $75,000 then we can fix the rate over a 20 year amortization. Currently we are seeing fixed rates as low as 4.65%. The specific age and type of aircraft may also factor in to the final loan structure. Our regional account executives would be happy to discuss the best course of action to refinance your aircraft.
Example: Assuming you financed $125k in 2008 (20 yr term and 6%), your current payment should be $895/mth and you should still owe approximately $91k. If you were to refinance that loan today, your interest rate would be 1.2% less and your payment would drop to $595/mth!
KAREN: When I am ready to take the plunge, what documentation would I need to provide in order to apply for an aircraft loan from AOPA? I assume the usual stuff like bank docs?
ADAM: Aircraft lending is a bit different than most other loan products you are likely used to. The process and documentation is similar to that of a mortgage. Along with our signed credit application, our lenders require two years of personal tax returns and W2s. A current paystub would also be required. If you are self-employed or a business owner, additional business financials will be needed. A comprehensive list of required documentation based on your income situation can be found on our website.
Have questions for Adam? He is happy to answer them. Submit your questions here.
Great rates. Great terms. Helpful and responsive reps. Three good reasons to turn to AOPA Aviation Finance when you are buying an airplane. If you need a dependable source of financing with people who are on your side, just call 800.62.PLANE (75263) or click here to request a quote.
Have a specific aviation finance question you would like to see in future articles? Submit it here, and it may be highlighted in an upcoming content piece.